Medical crime fiction typically centers on events in a hospital, an ambulance, a biological research center, a forensic lab or a doctor's practice. It allows the illustration and dicussion of ethical dilemmas that are frequently not raised for reasons of discretion, embarrassment, or fear of retribution in the scientific community.
Often, advanced or even illegal medical research features in medical crime fiction. It is depicted in an ambivalent or negative way in many cases, often associated with risky future developments, testing of ethical boundaries, especially with regard to experimentation on living subjects.
One of earliest examples of medical fiction is Mary Shelley's "Frankenstein". The novel itself concerns the abominable creation of Dr. Victor Frankenstein as the character attempts to circumvent death through the creation of life.
Medical crime fiction often touches our deepest fears: For instance, Kazuo Ishiguro's "Never Let Me Go" is a dark, dystopian vision of a world where clones are used as organ harvesting farms. More on Wikipedia